Studies estimate that between 15% and 43% of girls and 14% and 43% of boys will experience at least one traumatic event. Out of those children who experience trauma, 3%–15% of girls and 1%–6% of boys will develop posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) (Erk, 2008, p. 246). Risk factors for the development of PTSD include the severity of the trauma, parental reactions to the trauma, the amount of parental support given to a child or adolescent, and how close the child or adolescent is to the trauma (Prout & Brown, 2007, p. 231). Often, young children show signs of PTSD in their play. For example, children who experienced sexual trauma may act out the trauma by using dolls. Adolescents’ PTSD symptoms often mirror those of adults. There are many treatment options for children and adolescents with PTSD, and no matter the type of treatment you choose, it is important that the child or adolescent you treat feels at ease when working with clinicians.
For this Discussion, select a current traumatic event in the news involving children and/or adolescents. Consider possible PTSD symptoms commonly seen with this type of trauma. Also, consider how you might be affected if you were to work with a child or adolescent who was traumatized by this event.
With these thoughts in mind:
By Day 3
Post a brief description of the traumatic event you selected. Then, describe two symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) commonly seen with this type of trauma and explain why. Be specific. Finally, explain one way you might be affected when working with children or adolescents who have experienced this traumatic event and why.
Herrera, A. V., Benjet, C., Méndez, E., Casanova, L., & Medina- Mora, M. E. (2017). How mental health interviews conducted alone, in the presence of an adult, a child or both affects adolescents’ reporting of psychological symptoms and risky behaviors. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 46(2), 417-428.
As you review this article, consider PTSD in children and adolescents. Focus on treatment and implications for clinicians.
Stover, C. S., Hahn, H., Im, J. J. Y., & Berkowitz, S. (2010). Agreement of parent and child reports of trauma exposure and symptoms in the early aftermath of a traumatic event. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 2(3), 159–168.
As you review this article, focus on how improving parental understanding of child and/or adolescent trauma might impact treatment outcomes.
Laureate Education (Producer). (2014i). Trauma [Video file]. Baltimore, MD: Author.
Note: The approximate length of this media piece is 31 minutes.
In this media program, Drs. John Sommers-Flanagan and Eliana Gil discuss the difference when working with children and adolescent clients who have experienced trauma. Focus on the techniques used when working with children and adolescent clients.
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Transcript for the video